Introducing Sulawesi, the contorted island of Sulawesi lies in the middle of the archipelago sweep, north of Flores and reaching almost to the Philippines. Formerly and on some maps, still called the Celebes, the island offers some of the most stunning scenery in all of Indonesia, both above and below water.
The island took its unusual shape about 3 million years ago, when a chunk of land that had split from western New Guinea and drifted eastward (Sulawesi eastern and southeastern peninsulas) collided with a volcanic island that had formed along a fault line east of Borneo (the south and the northern peninsula). The force of collision spun the two islands and left them joined in middle. Because of its unique shape, no part of the island is more than 100 kilometers from the sea, and Sulawesi has a whopping 6,000 kilometers of coastline. More than 110 small offshore islands are also part of the Sulawesi group. Most of this coastline ringed with reef.
Nusa Penida, across the Badung strait from Bali southern tip, offers some of the best diving to be found anywhere. But condifions around Penida and its two small sister islands Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Ceningan can sometimes be difficult, with unpredictable currents reaching four or more knots. This is not a place for beginning divers, inexperience boatmen, or engines is less than perfect condition. Also, upwellings from the deep water south of Bali, which keep visibility here clear, can also make the water uncomfortably cold.
Even if you are an expert diver, contract with one of Bali well-organized diving service to dive Nusa Penida, and make sure that you get a reliable boat and a guide with plenty of experience. The currents in this area can usually be predicted from the tide tables, but they can increase, decrease or shift direction with no advance notice, and vary dramatically with depth. We recommended that your guide bring a buoy, and you don’t wander off by yourself. The dive locations are all close together, and en experienced guide can easily shift you to an alternate site if the conditions at your planned location are unsatisfactory. Dive boats to Nusa Penida leave from Nusa Dua or Sanur, or from Padang Bai to shave trip time to the minimum.
Pulau Seribu “The Thousand Islands” can be a good choice because of its proximity to Jakarta, and because of the great number of available sites. The islands, which actually number about 110, are scattered in a vertical group north from Jakarta in the shallow Java Sea. With some advance planning, it is quite easy to get to the islands from Jakarta. Boats, ranging from inter island shuttles to large cabin cruisers, ferry passengers to and from the various islands with a cheap ticket, depending on the comfort of the craft and the distance to the island. The nearest islands are just 10 minutes from shore, the furthest can take nearly two hours by speedboat.
The dive possibilities are almost countless here. The reefs around many of the 110 islands are excellent in terms of coral growth and fish life. What makes the diving here just fair by Indonesian standards is the visibility, which usually hovers around 10-15 meters. It sometimes improves, but even then only reaches 20 meters. Daily rainfall here determines how good the visibility will be, but it is generally best in the middle of the dry season, typically May through September.
Diving in the waters off Krakatau, the rocky islands forming the crater of an underwater volcano in the Sunda Strait off West Java, or in the waters around the Ujung Kulon peninsula in southwest Java, is not the best to be found in Indonesia. But the seascape of cracked volcanic rock around Krakatau, and the caves and tunnels around Ujung Kulon provide an interesting underwater experience.
Reaching either of these sites requires some patience and initiative. There is little chance of making a day of it from Jakarta. One must overland to Anyer or Labuhan, and then take a boat to the dive sites. Recent road repairs make the trip from Jakarta to Anyer quite pleasant. From there, a boat will take you the 50 kilometers to the Krakatau group, a 4-hours crossing. To reach Ujung Kulon, one can go either by train or car to Labuhan, and then by boat to Ujung Kulon.
West Sulawesi is a new province on the island of Sulawesi, Indonesia. With the provincial capital of Mamuju largely inhabited by ethnic Mandar, compared with other ethnic peoples such as the Toraja, Bugis, Javanese, and the other. So do not wonder if the custom and tradition Mandar tribe is more developing in this area.
Mandar people are gob-skilful seamen. Sandeq is a sailing boat for a traditional tribal society Mandar, West Sulawesi. This boat has a side length of about 7-11 m and 60-80 cm wide, and in the left-side is installed right outrigger made of bamboo as balancer. View at a glance, the boat seemed fragile and easily damaged when the waves. But, behind it all are the extraordinary strength. Recorded in the past, the boat can sail through several islands in the archipelago and even able to sail to Madagascar.